Each project submitted for a grant must have clearly set goals. Goals can be short term and long term. Typically, the achievement of a long-term goal will depend on the achievement of a number of short-term goals. With two or more short-term goals, you must clearly state how they are related to each other and to long-term goals.
Tasks (objectives) – specific and measurable possible changes in the situation that you describe. These changes (improvements) will occur as a result of the implementation of your project. If each time you write project tasks you consider them in this way, then you will easily understand how they should look. In such cases, it should be indicated who is covered by the project, what should be changed, in which direction, how much and by what time.
Thus, tasks should be as specific as possible. They should contain quantitative data on the degree of utility of the project. Such quantitative data are called indicators. Indicators – a tool to more accurately determine and clarify the goals and objectives of the project and measure its effect. When we talk about “strengthening”, “improving” and “increasing” something in a project, it is unclear what specific result will make the tasks considered fulfilled, the project accomplished. In order not to be unfounded, and we need indicators. To say that the effect cannot be measured, that you cannot find the right indicators, is tantamount to admitting that the project will not have a noticeable effect.
Tasks always point to a specific result. For example, the results of the project can be: a situation assessment report, a report at a meeting, a scientific publication, a textbook, a decorated exposition, a filmed and edited film, trained personnel. At this point, you have already told your prospective donor about who you are, what you are going to work on and what your goals are, the achievement of which promises to solve the problem or soften its severity. In this section, you should describe in sufficient detail those activities (activities) that are necessary to obtain the desired results using the available and requested resources.
From this section, the reader should become clear what will be done, who will carry out the actions, how they will be carried out, when and in what sequence, what resources (performers, premises, equipment, etc.) will be attracted.
There are two main questions that need to be clarified in this section:
1. What is your strategy for achieving the desired results?
2. Why did you choose it from all other possible ones? The answer to the last question will require from you the knowledge of projects similar to yours. Who else worked on your problem in your area or anywhere else? What methods were used previously and are used now and with what results? In other words, you must justify your choice of methods. Considering alternatives is an important aspect of your methodology. Demonstrating your acquaintance with similar works and explaining your choice of the means used, you gain more confidence in the eyes of the donor. It is important that you prove yourself competent in all sections of the application. Your approach to solving a problem should look attractive to the reviewer.