Grant is a free subsidy to enterprises, organizations and individuals in cash or in kind to carry out scientific or other research, development work, training, treatment and other purposes, followed by a report on their use.
Examples of Grant Activities:
1. Training or internship
Provides training or internship at a school in a country or abroad. It can be calculated for a long period – 1-3 years (in this case, funds are issued in parts) or for a short week or months. Financing can cover all expenses, including travel, accommodation and meals (and even provide scholarship) or only partially, the rest of the student must pay for himself.
2. Conducting research
Provided for a short period (months) and involve work with colleagues from other regions, access to resources of universities and libraries. As a rule, they are issued to postgraduates and doctors already working on a research or project and able to prove the need for scientific work abroad or in another region.
Cover travel expenses for those who are invited to a conference, seminar or internship in another country or other region.
4. Low-budget or short-term projects
Can be paid for renting premises and renting or purchasing equipment, consumables, paying for invited specialists (scientists, engineers, technicians, translators, administrators), disseminating information about the project (conferences, exhibitions, publications), transportation costs and living and living expenses during related to the travel project. The project can be designed to support a single event (such as conferences, schools, technical equipment testing or field expedition systems, opinion polls, etc.) or for long-term support for research or a system of events.
In order to receive a grant, the applicant writes a detailed plan, indicating the costs and terms, and describes his contribution – the part of the expenses that he will assume or will be able to obtain from other sources. Applications are undergoing a review phase in an organization that grants a grant, and, often, a competition between applications from different participants. The competition takes into account the weight of the justification for funding, the adequacy of the required costs, the degree of the participant’s training, the duration of the result, etc. The grant recipient reports on expenses, providing checks, reports and objective results (scientific papers, publications, studies, statistics). As a rule, this is an important and most part of the work on the application.
Some general guidelines when applying for a grant.
1. Remove from the application all that is not directly related to the case. The less of non-important is written, the less likely you will make error or encounter disagreement.
2. If this does not contradict the terms of the contest, divide the document into sections and sub-sections, and take a separate paragraph for each position.
3. Usually the first sentence should contain the main, then additional information.
4. Try to use short paragraphs. Short paragraphs separated by empty lines make the text easy to read. Pages with full text can cause a depression in the reviewer.
5. Use sentences with a simple structure. Each sentence must contain no more than 20 words.
6. Try to use active rather than passive verbs, that is, not “will be done”, but “we will do”.